Red to Blue


Red to Blue

The first shoot: velvet collared suits
and Chelsea boots, before fish-eyed lenses
and passing tokes, the butcher cover,
Tomorrow Never Knows, satin trousers
and granny glasses, a lysergic lurch
into elsewhere; then Hare Krishna,
Afghan coats, an orchestra veering off the rails
into whiteout.

Seven years after Please Please Me
they hire the same photographer
for Let It Be; pulling the Leica to focus
on the balcony, he almost remembers who they were:
shadow-ringed eyes under all that hair,
still in their twenties, their smiles worn out.

The Beatles - The Blue Album

After hearing Amy Winehouse on the radio this morning



Back To Black

Success, whatever it was, whatever
you thought it was, stuck its tongue
in your mouth, undressed you swiftly,
had its way, and left. The accolades
need not have led to emptiness,
left you smashed on arrogance,
a cocktail of insecurity and conceit;
nor soured your breath, lain down
on your voice the way an LA heat-haze
lays down to smother morning breeze;
nor pulled you into lights that left you
looking into black, the audience
out there somewhere, gazing back,
heads level with your feet.


Another version – now an ‘unlucky’ or 13 line sonnet. Although I liked the idea of her feet being level with people’s heads, I think this is tighter and better.

Back To Black

Success, whatever it was, whatever
you thought it was, stuck its tongue
in your mouth, undressed you swiftly,
had its way, and left. The accolades
need not have led to emptiness,
smashed on arrogance,
a cocktail of insecurity and conceit;
nor soured your breath, lain down
on your voice the way an LA heat-haze
lays down to smother morning breeze;
nor pulled you into lights that left you
looking into black, the faces
out there somewhere, gazing back.


An Interview with Jane Commane, editor and poet



Jane in a hat

Hi Jane. Firstly, I’d like to congratulate you on the success of Nine Arches Press. You’ve managed to publish a steady stream of poetry collections as well as Under The Radar magazine, and Nine Arches also contributes to the poetry scene in the midlands and beyond with excellent events such as the regular Shindig! readings.  You’ve also been the first publisher in residence at a poetry festival, and Nine Arches is receiving some well deserved attention, winning a Sabotage award for most innovative publisher last year and recent high profile reviews in the Guardian and elsewhere.

 When did you first have the idea to set up an independent press and did you model Nine Arches on any other publishers? Did you seek advice from established presses when setting out?

I was working for another small publisher at the time. As that post finished, it just seemed like there was a lot of great, unpublished work out there, and a lot of talent that wasn’t really finding a platform. Under the Radar magazine emerged first, as a way of providing an outlet for some of that, and the publishing then grew pretty rapidly from that point in all kinds of directions.

Under the Radar

In those early days, I think Nine Arches drew lots of inspiration from various publishers, rather than any single one, though I have long admired Bloodaxe’s poetry books (The New Poetry was given to me as a teenager and turned me onto contemporary poetry), and enjoyed a lot of Faber, Carcanet and Arc poets at that time too. In part, it was about setting out to do something a bit different from what was already on offer and make our own place within things. I had this sort of idea that a publisher could be like my favourite independent record labels – a distinctive style and approach but with lots of individual voices on board.

I was incredibly lucky in that I didn’t have to look far for advice and support – in many instances it came to me. A few months after setting up the press in 2008, Nell Nelson at HappenStance sent me a lovely and very supportive note.   Others too were immensely kind and offered encouragement and support;  not least Simon Thirsk at Bloodaxe Books, who over several years has been a very generous source of a lot of sound and sensible advice, for which I am deeply grateful. Being part of Inpress also means that there is a sense of comradeship and friendly support between publishers – Tom Chivers at Penned in the Margins and Clive Burnie at Burning Eye Books also inspire me, and though what we all publish is quite different, we do enjoy catching up and sharing experiences and talking about publishing.

Melanchrini, From Nine Arches 

Seven years in and I’m about to take the plunge this summer and become a full-time self-employed publisher, writer and editor. That’s both very exciting and just a little scary at times – but most of all I can’t wait to have more time to dedicate to Nine Arches, the books and to the poets I work with.

Congratulations on your self employment-  a well deserved reward for all your hard work and dedication!  I’m sure the readers of this piece will join me in wishing you continued success and all the best with this important work.  It’s also great to hear how supportive others in the poetry world have been.

The artwork, design and distinctive house style of Nine Arches books and Under the Radar magazine are impressive and reflect a strong sense of identity and commitment to design. Could you tell me a little about the images you use? Have you any formal training in photography, web design or other aspects of the visual arts?

The images we use mostly come from a brilliant young photographer called Eleanor Bennett – her images really struck me as distinct and eye-catching. We also occasionally use images from elsewhere, like Jo Bell’s cover which is by artist Heather Duncan.


I have some formal training – I did an Arts course at college, I loved making imaginary record sleeves and little fanzines when I was a teenager, and I’ve done the odd bit of training here and there, but mostly I have picked up these things as I’ve gone along – I taught myself to typeset and bought old software cheaply off eBay when I first set out to get things up and running.

I understand that you have, for the time being, moved away from pamphlet publishing in order to concentrate on full collections. I wondered if there were economic reasons for this shift or if there was another reason for this change in focus?

Mainly economic, partly instinct. I love pamphlets, don’t get me wrong – I am immensely fond of them and I think they are a vital part of the poetry ecosystem.

But it did feel Nine Arches had to make a move away from them if the press was to grow and if we were to ever stand a chance of selling the poetry book collections in larger numbers. Pamphlets are labours of love, and take a lot of time and care, almost as much as a full collection in many ways. Yet in the main they cannot be sold in most bookshops and their pricing isn’t viable for online retailers. I did want to build Nine Arches, and knew as popular as the pamphlets were, their audience would always be a little bit more limited – my hope has been to try and bring poetry to bigger audiences, and to do that I think that the shift to books only was a big but important step.

If you want a publishing house to grow in any way, you do have to be aware of ensuring you keep evolving what you do – having itchy feet is important, it makes you keep pushing on to try new things and improve what you do. Each year I hope the books have evolved a little bit more – I’ve just made a decision to upgrade our covers and production values this year on all future titles, which has been a big step, but also a commitment to readers, to poets and to our own future as a publisher. I want our books to be artefacts that readers treasure and return to.

Tony Williams

With regard to editing collections, I wonder if you could say a little about what you think makes a good editor?

Care, attentiveness; the ability to listen as well as challenge and gently support writers to make their poems the very best they can be.

I tend to edit collections in several stages – there is no point going at poems with the hedge shears and hacking at them – that way you lose the nuances. You want to tread with care and see what’s beneath the wilder fringes of a poem! And often, you are trying not lose too much of that essential wildness in the editing process. I also want to build a good editorial relationship with that poet – to better understand where they are coming from, what’s at the heart of their writing and what we need to fix and what we need to just tweak and refine. Every single poet and collection is different, and will need differing amounts and types of editorial input.

It’s about being respectful, but also being able to challenge and ask questions of poets – ‘what does this mean’, ‘why this word/phrase’ or ‘what are you trying to say here?’. We’ll talk these things through, and if a poet has a good enough reason for something, it’ll stay. There’s this mutual trust too – so I’ll take that leap of faith with them in cases where I can see and understand something matters and is important to leave in, even if that moment I’ve not quite grasped it myself. No editor is infallible or perfect, after all; you have to be willing to go with some things in poems, give them time to settle like sediment, trust the poet in what they’re doing.

Matt's Book

 Matt Merrit’s Elephant Tests
Read a review here.

 Would it be possible to broadly define a style, a particular type of work that Nine Arches are most likely to be interested in?

I usually do resist trying to be pigeonholed like this, and I don’t like to define what Nine Arches does too much, as I think it’s both limiting to our existing poets and to those who might read, buy or submit to us. I like to surprise and be surprised!

But if we are going to try to talk about what I’m looking for in a poetry collection, I am most interested in original and striking work that speaks with its own, distinct voice. Poets who aren’t trying to be like anyone else. And poets who keep trying to get better, evolve, do their thing differently or simply just grow as a writer and have a unique perspective on things to offer readers and audiences.

In many ways it is so much easier to tell you what I’m not looking for!

I wondered if your role as an editor has had any effect your own writing, and if so how?

Yes – mainly in that I don’t have very much time to write now I’m an editor! But joking aside, actually, most of the impact is far more positive on the whole. You can’t be precious about your own poems when you have to so objective about other peoples’ poems. So you do become a quicker, more decisive editor of your own work. Being an editor does allow you to develop a bit more detachment in the process of redrafting and refining the poems – and makes you less tolerant of darlings and suspected flim-flammery in your own poems. If I can’t convince myself of the need to keep something, or if I can take it away and, like a Jenga tower, the rest of the poem still stands, I know it’s right to edit it out.

With regard to your own poetry, can you sight any influences on your work? Are you working on a collection at the moment?

I have a number of influences; RS Thomas is one of my all-time favourite poets for that subtle precision, the sharpness and doubt. Louis MacNeice too. Allen Ginsberg was a fond teenage favourite, as was Plath, and both remain close to my heart. Alice Oswald’s Dart had quite a big  impact on me early on when I was trying to think about how to write about places and landscapes and structure my work.


I love the poems of Claire Crowther with their quirky and magpie-eye for a sharp, inventive turns of phrase. I have a great fondness for John Clare; there’s a connection for me with his work in terms of the political nature of English landscape.

I have long been interested in poets of the Second World War too, like Alun Lewis and Keith Douglas, and more recent war poets like Brian Turner.  I like work that is political and outspoken; I am drawn to Peter Reading’s terrifying/electrifying poems, and admire for very different reasons the Midlands elegies of Roy Fisher, and Joel Lane’s quicksilver lines. And a wide range of contemporary poets with exacting, strong and original voices – poets like Liz Berry, Daljit Nagra, Luke Kennard, Kei Miller, Imtiaz Dharker, Helen Mort and many others.  I try to read widely, and do also read a lot of pamphlet and small press collections.  I’m trying also to read more international poetry, and read more poetry in translation at the moment.

There’s quite a few non-poetry influences too – music being a big one, as well as film and art. Anything weird and stirring basically, so from Twin Peaks to Stanley Spencer’s incredible paintings. And place too – I find place, its history, landscapes and stories (particularly places marked by industry or social change) probably the number one influencer of my work. Place is always political and always has something to say for itself. I also love museums and history, and maps are bit of an obsession too, it has to be said. Give me an OS map and I’ll be happy all day.

Maps and Leg.

Maps and Legends available
at Nine Arches.

I’ve not so much been working on a collection but slowly drawing together a body of poems over a number of years which is now starting to resemble a collection of poems in some form I hope. I have regained a better sense of my writing in the last two years too – there was a time when my confidence in my own poetry took a bit of knock, and lost faith in my writing, but I’ve been going through a process of rediscovering my work in a way and that has felt rather exciting and incredibly liberating too.

Thank you so much for your time Jane. 

Magma 61 Launch

Last Friday I attended the launch of Magma 61 magazine at the Poetry Review bookshop in London’s Bloomsbury. I arrived early, as I always do when I can, and walked to the venue from Kings Cross St. Pancreas via the British Library with its Eduard Paolozzi sculpture in the piazza


and the amazing, and at the time of writing still free, British Museum which
was hosting an exhibition on Greek sculpture.

The streets around Shaftesbury Avenue, where I used to wonder the guitar shops some thirty years ago (do you know the song ‘Wild West End’ by Dire Straits?) looked quite different, and the air was full of Spanish and Italian voices in this most cosmopolitan of cities.

I’d previously attended launches of this excellent magazine, which has a theme and a guest editor for each issue, at the Troubadour, a venerable coffee shop and relic of a bohemian past that had seen performances by luminaries of the  British Jazz and Folk scene of the fifties and sixties including Bob Dylan and Paul Simon. Much as I had enjoyed the atmosphere at the previous venue, it was lovely to wander around the bright and fantastically well stocked Poetry Review Bookshop.  With time to spare, I popped into the nearby Oxfam Bookshop and managed to pick up a Faber copy of Seamus Heany’s 1991 collection, Seeing Things  for a bargain £2, as well as Don Patterson’s new ‘readers guide’ to the poems of Michael Donaghy ‘Smith’ for £6, which I’ve dipped into since and can highly recommend .

A good start to the evening. Returning to the London Review bookshop ,
I was pleased to see fellow Leicestershire poet Pam Thompson, as well as having a brief chat with headline reader Simon Barraclough whose new book ‘Sunspots’ (Penned in the Margins) has been recently published before the reading began.


This edition of Magma is entitled  ‘The Streets’ and contains a marvellous range of work related in some way to this theme.  Magma is a brilliant magazine, featuring established writers (this issue contains a poem by Christopher Reid, among many other widely published poets) alongside those with somewhat shorter publishing records. If you have tried to get into this magazine before, do keep sending them your work. As I’ve said before persistence pays off when submitting to magazines, and with revolving editorship, a new theme for each issue and a wide variety of styles of work published , you may just have the poem the editors are looking for to complete the next issue.
Magma 61
The poems and poets were introduced by Jon Sayers, co-editor of this edition, who spoke of the great pleasure (and hard work) that had gone into the selection of the poems in this edition from over 2000 submissions that were sent in. It was a great evening with many stand-out readings. I particularly enjoyed work by Christine Webb, Pam Thompson, Tiffany Anne Tondut (whose poems I’m hoping to feature here in the near future)  and Linda Goulden.

Magma Launch

Also impressive was Gram Joel Davis who faultlessly recited his long poem ‘World Away’  without reference to the text. Simon Barraclough rounded off the evening in fine style with a selection of work old and new.

I was pleased that several people approached me to say they had enjoyed my own poem, ‘Google Street View’ which I introduced by recalling that some seventy years ago bombs had fallen across this city and that my Dad was one of the people sheltering underneath them.

Me at Magma 61  Launch

I had time to round off the evening with  a drink or two with poet and teacher Neil Elder before heading home.

Celebrating Crystal Clear

Last night saw the launch of Crystal Voices, an anthology of poems and stories celebrating ten years of the arts organisation and publisher based in the East Midlands. You can check out the list of writers in the anthology and order a very reasonably priced copy here.  

The launch took place at the Western pub spoken word night, Shindig! and followed readings by Jo Bell and Jonathan Davidson, whose new books, Jo’s ‘Kith’ and Jonathan’s ‘Humfrey Coninngsby’ I can highly recommend.

Shindig! is a regular open mike  with guest readers,  an event jointly run by Crystal Clear and the wonderful Nine Arches Press, and over the years the list of visiting readers has begun to look like a who’s who of contemporary poetry.

One of the most valuable aspects of these readings is the sense of community that has built up among the attending writers and readers over the years, with familiar and new faces gathering at the bi-monthly events to chat and enjoy and support each other’s work.  The event is well run but relaxed, and there is a respectful and democratic atmosphere in which everyone’s voice is given an equal chance to be aired and shared.

Crystal Voices

The Crystal Voices anthology, edited by poet and co founder  (with award winning writer Jonathan Taylor)  of the organisation Maria Taylor, contains work by writers who have been involved with the organisation in some way, either via publication in CCC’S magazine Hearing Voices or through attending and reading at events over the years.

True to the spirit of CCC, newer writers are included beside more established poets published by presses like Carcanet, Bloodaxe  and Smiths Doorstop, and the anthology gives some idea of the varied range of writing and the numerous writers that have all benefited in some way from their association with this ambitious and well run organisation.

I first encountered Crystal Clear via their pamphlet competition. I was persuaded by my friend Tracy Twell to enter, and my pamphlet ‘Gopagilla’ was published and launched in 2012, alongside other winning writers Ally Stoneman, Jess Mayhew (recently nominated for the Melita Hume Prize), Charles Lauder, Andrew Graves and Hannah Stevens.

Apart from some magazine publications and one or two in competition anthologies, ‘Gopagilla’ was the first time I’d had my work brought together between covers. I was delighted with the artwork and quality of the publication and with the promotion and support I received. I had, and still have, a great relationship with the organisation.

One outcome of the publication of Gopagilla (forgive me if you’ve heard this before) was that John Lucas, esteemed writer and publisher of Shoestring press, wrote to tell me how much he had enjoyed the pamphlet and asked “have you got anymore as I’d like to publish a full collection.”

CCC is a not-for-profit arts organisation devoted to developing, producing, publishing and promoting new writing.  Such organisations are the life blood of writing in this country, allowing new writers a platform to share and develop their work, to gain exposure, experience  and confidence.

The scope of CCC’s activities and involvement in supporting grass-roots creative writing of all kinds in and around the East Midlands over the past ten years is too great to list here. If you’d like to find out more you could visit their website. Whatever the dynamic partnership behind Crystal Clear decides to do next, you can rest assured that it will be done with care and sensitivity and will be motivated by a selfless desire to support the writers and writing in the region. Here’s to the next ten years!

Seven reasons to be cheerful about writing poems

You can create a private space where imagination can bloom- a place that remains private, even when you share it.

You can feel what you mean and express it, even though you might not dare to articulate it any other way.

You can find out what you didn’t know.

The un-ambiguous word can illuminate the inarticulate mood.

You can translate a sense of reality or unreality into something tangible.

You can reassemble your scattered worlds and talk to the dead.

You can catch and hold this sliding life.

Diary fragments

I’ve not been here for a while. I’ve been working, and writing, and I’ve been thinking about a few things. I’m looking through the pages of a bargain notepad I obtain a week or two ago. Here are a few extracts

1st May 2015
How exciting it is to be a poet! How lucky I am to be able to attach sails to the roof of the house, and, when the wind is right, to sail away.

4th May
My son abandons the L.S  Lowry imitation drawing he has to do for homework (good as it is.) When I check on him he has written a beautiful poem which includes the line ‘light spills from a quarter cut moon
sliding through cracks and illuminating matt black/ rooms with its dim light.’  The poem ends when light is ‘snatched away as the cut across the dark clouds is healed and the world is black again.’ The boy is ten.
An absolute  natural.

5th May
Note- Terroir – a word that denotes the quality of a place that makes the wine it produces different from any other wine on earth. No science or objective analysis can pin down what exactly make one slope so different from another.

6th May
Pleased to have poems on an internet magazine ‘Clear Poetry’. Always lovely to receive positive feedback – the internet is so good for publishing and communicating.

7th May 2015

from Blessingway –  The Holy People of the Navajo (who called themselves the Diné , meaning ‘the people’ ) would say these words before  embarking on a new undertaking

I am walking along the trail
I am walking along the trail
before me, it is blessed
I am walking along the trail
behind me, it is blessed
I am walking along the trail
above me it is blessed
I am walking along the trail
below me it is blessed
I am walking along the trail
all around me it is blessed
I am walking along the trail
on the trail it is beautiful
I am walking along the trail

7th May

I’ve been thinking about the qualities I like to see (or feel) in a poem.
The phrase ’emotional resonance’ has been in my head and I don’t know where I got it from. I think it means that a poem should vibrate somehow inside the reader as if he or she were a struck tuning fork. There should be an emotional response,  an empathic response brought about by recognition
of human elation or grief or vulnerability or loss or joy. It is not necessary for the experience of reader and writer to be the same. And other types of poem can be effective too. If a poem doesn’t have this quality, I might still like it if it tells me something I didn’t know, or tells me something I did know in a new way. Or if an image in the poem is so striking it hits me in the eye and stays there.

7th May

New Walk magazine arrives- loads of brilliant poems. I sometimes forget that I love other people’s poetry!

8th May

Trying to understand why people vote for thirty two billion pound cuts in public services and the continued selling off of the NHS.  This means,among other things, that their children and grandchildren’s schools will be hit  (assuming they are state schools.) Anger, forgiveness, sadness, anger, forgiveness. Seeking solace in music.

8th May

A teacher I’ve never met wrote to me to tell me one he used one of my poems (August 31st 1961) as a model for his students. In his e-mail he includes (with  his student’s permission) a fabulous poem written by a young woman doing her A levels. The poem takes the idea of my poem, i.e , a birthday date, and puts it into the context of history. Her poem is fabulous and I am elated that this talented teacher has been able to utilise my work to inspire his students.

8th May

Proofs for Magma 61 arrive. Invited to London next Friday to read.
Decide not to go. Decide to go. Looking forward to meeting new people
and seeing people I know.

9th May

Someone has been stealing poems again. It’s all over social media and ‘Write Out Loud’. The person in question defends themselves by saying  something about how they got caught up in their sources and the pressure to publish when they have been copying someone else’s work and changing a few words. I don’t have this problem. I’m not sure I understand.

9th May

Wrote a poem and am pleased with it. Will probably read it at Leicester Shindig! in a week or two at the launch of Crystal Voices anthology. Looking forward to seeing friends.  I’m off now to look at it again..

Interview with Brett Evans, editor and poet .

Brett Evans is co-founder and co-editor of the poetry and prose journal Prole Magazine.


Prole has a reputation for spotting and publishing many writers who had previously not had work in print, as well as attracting submissions from more established poets and story writers.

Since its inception, Prole has expanded its operations to include the running of creative writing workshops and an annual competition. The book publishing section of Prole is also growing with the recent publication of ‘Caboodle’, which features six distinct short poetry collections gathered in one volume.  Early recognition for the quality of this publisher and it’s editor’s eye for fine work came when Wendy Pratt’s ‘Nan Hardwick Turns Into a Hare’ (2011)  was favourably reviewed in the TLS.


Brett lives in his native North Wales where he enjoys walking his Parson Jack Russell terriers Remi and Rio. His poems have appeared widely in publications including Bare Fiction, Butcher’s Dog, The Frogmore Papers, Ink, Sweat & Tears, The Interpreter’s House, Other Poetry and Poetry Wales. His first poetry pamphlet, ‘The Devil’s Tattoo’ (2015) is published by Indigo Dreams.

Hello Brett.  Could you tell me a little bit about how Prole started? Did you and your co-editor see a gap in the ‘market’?  Were you daunted by the set-up costs for a print magazine? Did either of you have prior experience in any areas relevant to magazine production

Prole started, as many things often have, over several pints of Guinness early on in my friendship with my now co-editor Phil Robertson. We did not see so much as a niche but we did feel that a lot of literary journals, not all of course, were publishing more style over substance and felt that there may be a place for poetry and prose with a bit of dirt under its nails, and booze and smoke on its breath; our mantra has always been to engage, challenge and entertain.

Prole Magazine. 

We weren’t daunted by set-up costs as we were completely ignorant of everything.  Experience?  Roy, we hadn’t a clue about anything: publishing costs, print runs, calling for submissions, ISSNs, you name it we didn’t know it. We had no contacts back then and went into it with what we could afford as an initial stake and hoped we would attract enough submissions for our first issue.

Your magazine is extremely rare (particularly given the size of the magazine in terms of circulation and exposure to sales outlets) in offering to pay contributors according to sales revenue. I remember being very impressed to receive a royalty from you back in 2011 and I’d like to say how much I admire your policy.  Are you pleased with the way things are going so far in terms of circulation?

Thank you. What we pay our contributors is hardly going to bump them into a higher tax bracket but we do believe in paying our contributors and if it is only a small token then it is something. We split the profit of each issue – 50% we retain, and 50% gets distributed to the contributors of that issue. We have been fortunate enough to pay out since the first issue. Yes, I’d say that we are pleased our circulation and word seems to keep spreading by mouth and via social media, a lot of people have been very kind.

What have been the highs and lows of being an editor?

This will sound totally selfish but the high is always getting together with Phil for drinks and silliness! It is a friendship that goes far beyond Prole. However, other highs: simple things from opening a submission and on first reading thinking ‘Yes, that’s for us!’ to holding the latest issue; always a joy. Other joys have been sociable events such as last year’s Prole writes workshop and the two launches of Caboodle this year (the first in Sheffield, the second in London), where we met old friends and made new ones.

As for lows, that’s quite a heavy word and I really am having trouble finding anything to attach to it. There are little frustrations as there are in every job – people submitting to the wrong address, or not reading the submission or competition guidelines fully, but I’d hardly class these as lows as they are easily and quickly sorted out.

That’s a seriously positive attitude! Do you have any advice to would-be editors?

Yes, get someone who shares your passion to share the work and the joy. Obviously you’ll find a way that works for you. At Prole, Phil does the IT, looks after the site, sorts the pdf sales and I do the book work, pack up the hard copies and trudge to the post office in the hope of causing a miserable, muttering queue. Phil reads the prose submissions, I read the poetry and then we send what we think good enough to consider to one another and make our decisions.

But it is in proofing an issue where having two people really helps – one will always pick up something you have missed and vice versa. Make sure it is someone you can work well with, I’m fortunate in having a very laid back co-editor who also happens to be a lovely man to drink with.

Your own collection has just recently been published.

Brett's book

Do you feel being an editor has helped or hindered your own writing at all?  How do you make time for your own work?

Hmm, certainly a bit of both but that is not to say it would necessarily hamper every editor’s own writing. It is common sense that every writer should first and foremost be a reader, but do we always read with an editorial eye? I’d like to think so, but when you have to read the amount of submissions that a journal receives and have to be judicial about line breaks, the weight and balance of words and images (though so much can be purely subjective) and of course any poet should look at their own drafts the same way but there are certain things you recall about pieces either rejected or accepted that you either look out for or strive for.

Making time for my own work has been difficult. Prole aims for a one month turn around with submissions and we do not plan to restrict potential contributors by introducing submission windows (and that is no disrespect to any journals that do – in fact two journals I really admire have had to do this and I fully understand why, but I have no academic studies or ambitions and Prole is my priority). I’ve never made a secret about alcohol being a massive feature in my life – it is an integral part of my pamphlet – so that of course can also distract from valuable writing time. Making time, regular writing time, is something I have to bring in to my schedule, but still Prole’s submitters will receive the dedication due to them and never be waiting more than a month.

Do you have any general advice to potential contributors, either writers or those wishing to offer cover art?

Surprise us. Delight us. Make us laugh or cry, pinch the skin or punch the gut. Our cover art usually contains some human (or animal) element – interpret that as you wish, but cover art of previous copies can be found at our website.

Thank you Brett. Those are some down to earth answers!  Is there anything else you’d like to add?

Just a thank you to you, Roy, and to say it is a pleasure as I have enjoyed your blog so much in the past. All the best. Cheers. Thank You!


Helen Fletcher, featured poet,


I recently had the pleasure of meeting Helen Fletcher in a pub garden in Sussex, England.  Somehow our conversation turned to  anthropomorphism in poetry and whether animals can feel similar emotions to humans. Having an interest and some knowledge in this area, Helen has kindly recommended a couple of texts on the subject for me to read up. Co-incidentally,  I caught a discussion on anthropomorphism and many other things, (including the similarity of human cells to mushroom cells,  the social learning of dolphins, the secret life of seashells and Andrew Motion on seahorses) on the BBC radio 4 programme Start the week on Monday. You can listen to the programme here.    

Back to our featured poet. Helen is working on her first collection and most recently read with Telltale Press in Lewes. She studied English at Trinity College Cambridge and returned to Cumbria in 2005 having worked away in Kenya and London. She comes from a family of medics and has twin baby girls. Her poetry has been published in Brittle Star, The Frogmore Papers, In Daily Adelaide News, The Interpreter’s House, The Journal, Pennine Platform, Snakeskin, South Bank Poetry, Southlight and Third Way. Last year, she read at the Caldbeck Arts Festival in the Lake District. She has more poems online here and has just set up on Twitter – HelenFletcherPoetry @longgivingset


Lift me out of the crypt and touch me.
Carry me down the street
to the steps of the town hall
and sit down with your sister.
Then I’ll hear the things you’re up to.
Resting on your legs I’ll listen –
to nothing special, just the usual.
You were always that bit stronger.
And the afternoon will fly by,
with the songs of other families.
Someone’s boys will get ice-creams
and you’ll pat me like a baby.
Wrapped in the new shroud you’ve bought me,
tied in nicely.

Chinese Legend

    Where is the way?
He points to the sky.
   Where is the sky?
He points to his heart.

Published In Daily Adelaide News


Evening Song

Don’t wake up, my sleeping Jesus,
sleep upon the rocking sea.
God upon a pillow sleeping,
sweet dreams, love, of Galilee?

I can see a storm approaching,
you’ve been working hard all day,
get some rest behind the netting,
now is not the time to pray.

I am only ever tempor-
arily composed, she sighed.
He is gorgeous when he’s sleeping.
I am weeping at his side.

Published  in Southlight


Drafting Poems

I wrote a few thoughts on drafting and re-drafting poems last night. I redrafted my thoughts today. This is only a draft.

1.  Does the opening line invite the reader to read the poem? Is it compelling? Is it hard to understand? If so, will it repel the reader? Do you need the first line? The first stanza? Half of the second stanza? Delete until you are left with the poem. Or not, in which case it probably wasn’t meant to be a poem.

2.  Have you read the poem aloud? Does it sound ‘right’? Is it hard to read? Where do the line breaks naturally fall?  Do you want to subvert this, and if so, to what purpose? What’s the white space doing? What shape best serves the poem?

3.  Do you need to put the poem away until you can see it more clearly? Come back tomorrow. Or next year. If you are struggling, go for a walk. Put the washing out. Do something else. Anything. Except maybe Laudanum.

4.  If you are attracted to a word for its ‘cleverness’, it’s probably the wrong word. Is a short, subtle word better than the long, flamboyant, archaic or obscure word? Are there some dull words in your poem? Get the Thesaurus out. Dive into meanings and glorious alternatives.

5.  Keep drafts. After one hundred and thirty three drafts, you might decide that the third is the best.

6.  Like skier on a slalom slope, keep the whole journey in mind. A shift in the balance in the poem will affect something further down. You may need a radical adjustment to your line. You may want to go back to the start.

7.  Do your rhymes and assonance serve or choke the poem? Avoid tongue twisters. Do you really need an ‘angry, addled, straggly, shambles of geese’? Or has the language evolved over time to express a lot in a single word. Will ‘a gaggle of geese’ suffice?

8.  Every word, every line break, every bit of punctuation needs to count. If you are not convinced, remove or change it.

9.  Is the poem “true” in terms of emotional resonance? If you don’t feel that it is, it’s unlikely your reader will.

10.  Is your political poem too literal? Does it lack subtlety? Can you approach the ‘political’ obliquely, emotionally, drawn on your own experience? Does it lack irony? Could you use allegory, imagery, a ballad or translation to approach the political?

11.  Does the world need this poem? Has it been done before? Are there any memorable lines? Is the poem doing enough?

12.  Is the end of your poem the way you want it to be? Is it stating the obvious? Do you have a stronger line to end on, further up the poem? Is it surprising? Does it need to be? Would it be better to ‘step off lightly’ than to end with a statement of what has already been said?

13.  Do your images relate to emotion, or are they there simply to show off? Do they detract from the poem? If you think an image is arresting but doesn’t fit in this poem, could you keep them back for another piece?

14.  Have you ‘stolen’ well enough? If you’ve used a model or started with a found piece, have you made it fully your own?

15.  Does the poem have too many ideas? Is less more?

16. Have you repeated yourself, covered the same ground twice or more?

17. Can you imply rather than state? Have you credited your reader with as much intelligence as feel you yourself have?

18. Are you interested in clarity of communication ? If so, do you need to make your poem clearer?

19.  Do you like your poem? If not, why not?